Medical Benefit Council in Employees State Insurance Act, 1948

Medical Benefit Council (MBC) is an important advisory body constituted under the Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948. Its primary role is to advise the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) and the Central Government on various aspects of medical benefit provision to insured persons and their families. The MBC plays a crucial role in ensuring that the medical services provided under the ESI scheme are of high quality, effectively meet the needs of the beneficiaries, and are kept up-to-date with the latest advancements in healthcare.


Medical Benefit Council consists of members appointed by the Central Government, including representatives from:

  • The Central Government itself.
  • State Governments.
  • The medical profession.
  • Employers under the ESI scheme.
  • Employees covered under the ESI scheme.

The Director General of the ESIC serves as the ex-officio member of the council. Additionally, the council may include other members with expertise in healthcare services, as deemed necessary by the Central Government.

Functions and Responsibilities:

  • Advisory Role:

MBC advises the ESIC and the Central Government on the administration of medical benefits and the development of medical services provided to the insured persons and their families. This includes recommendations on the improvement of existing services and the introduction of new services.

  • Policy Guidance:

It offers guidance on policies related to the operation of hospitals, dispensaries, and other medical facilities under the ESI scheme. This encompasses advice on the adoption of new medical technologies, treatment protocols, and healthcare practices.

  • Review and Evaluation:

The council periodically reviews the effectiveness of the medical services offered under the ESI scheme and evaluates their impact on the health and welfare of the beneficiaries. Based on this review, the MBC may suggest modifications or improvements.

  • Research and Development:

It encourages research and development in healthcare services relevant to the needs of insured workers. This can include occupational health studies, preventive healthcare measures, and other areas beneficial to the workforce covered under the ESI scheme.

  • Liaison Role:

MBC serves as a liaison between the ESIC, the Central and State Governments, and other stakeholders in the healthcare sector. This role facilitates coordination and cooperation in the implementation of medical benefits under the scheme.


Medical Benefit Council is essential for ensuring that the medical benefits under the ESI scheme are comprehensive, of high quality, and responsive to the evolving healthcare needs of insured workers and their families. Through its advisory and evaluative functions, the MBC helps in shaping policies and practices that enhance the effectiveness of the ESI scheme’s medical benefits, thereby contributing to the overall well-being and health security of the workforce.

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