Regulation H is a regulation issued by the Federal Reserve Board that governs the operations of state-chartered member banks of the Federal Reserve System. It covers a wide range of topics, including capital adequacy, lending limits, and reporting requirements for member banks. The regulation is intended to ensure the safety and soundness of the banking system and protect the interests of depositors and other creditors. Banks that violate Regulation H may be subject to enforcement actions, including fines and penalties.
Regulation H contains several provisions that govern the operations of state-chartered member banks of the Federal Reserve System. Some of the key provisions include:
- Capital Adequacy: Banks must maintain a certain level of capital, as defined by the Federal Reserve, to ensure that they are financially stable and able to withstand losses.
- Lending Limits: Banks are subject to limits on the amount of credit they can extend to a single borrower or a group of related borrowers.
- Reporting Requirements: Banks are required to submit regular reports to the Federal Reserve detailing their financial condition, including their capital levels, loan portfolios, and other key information.
- Community Reinvestment Act: Banks are required to meet the credit needs of the communities in which they operate, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods.
- Consumer Protection: Banks are required to comply with federal consumer protection laws, such as the Truth in Lending Act and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, which protect consumers from discriminatory lending practices.
- Cybersecurity and Operational Risk: Banks are required to implement robust risk management controls to protect against cyber threats and operational risks.
- Corporate Governance: Banks are required to maintain sound corporate governance practices to ensure that the interests of shareholders, depositors, and other stakeholders are protected.
Risk Management: Banks are required to implement robust risk management controls to protect against various types of risks, including credit, market, and liquidity risks.