Ubuntu Terminal, also known as the “command line,” is a text-based interface for interacting with the Ubuntu operating system. It allows users to enter commands and execute tasks, such as navigating the file system, managing files and directories, and installing and configuring software.
To install Ubuntu Terminal, you need to have an Ubuntu operating system installed on your computer. Ubuntu Terminal is pre-installed on all versions of Ubuntu, so you don’t need to install it separately.
To open Ubuntu Terminal, you can click on the Ubuntu icon in the launcher and search for “terminal” or you can use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + Alt + T.
If you want to customize your terminal or install additional tools, you can use the apt package manager to install additional packages. For example, to install the ‘htop’ package which is a system monitoring tool, you can use the command ‘sudo’ apt-get install ‘htop’.
It’s important to note that while the Ubuntu Terminal is a powerful tool, it is recommended to have some basic knowledge of Linux commands and system administration before using it, as it can be easy to make mistakes that could cause problems with your system.
Copy and paste text between terminals windows?
On Ubuntu, you can copy and paste text between terminal windows using a combination of keyboard shortcuts.
To copy text:
Highlight the text you want to copy.
Press Ctrl + Shift + C.
To paste text:
Click on the terminal window where you want to paste the text.
Press Ctrl + Shift + V.
Alternatively, you can also use the right-click on the mouse to copy and paste the text.
It’s worth mentioning that there are also other tools that you can use to copy-paste text between terminal windows, such as xclip or xsel which you can install via apt package manager, sudo apt-get install xclip or sudo apt-get install xsel. These tools provide more advanced functionality, like the ability to copy and paste text between terminal windows and other applications.
How to use Ubuntu Terminal?
The Ubuntu Terminal (also known as the command line) is a powerful tool that allows you to interact with the Ubuntu operating system using text-based commands. Here are a few basic commands and concepts to help you get started:
Navigation: You can navigate the file system using the cd (change directory) command. For example, to navigate to the home directory, use the command cd ~. To navigate to the parent directory, use the command ‘cd …’
Listing files: You can use the ‘ls’ (list) command to view the contents of a directory. For example, to view the contents of the home directory use the command ‘ls’.
Creating and deleting files and directories: You can use the touch command to create a new file, and the ‘mkdir’ command to create a new directory. You can use the ‘rm’ command to delete files and the ‘rmdir’ command to delete directories.
Running programs: You can run programs by typing their name in the terminal and pressing enter. For example, to open the text editor ‘nano’, use the command ‘nano’.
Getting help: You can use the man command to view the manual for a specific command. For example, to view the manual for the ‘ls’ command, use the command man ‘ls’.
Environment Variables: Environment variables are used to store important information such as the directories where the system looks for certain files or the language of the terminal. To check the current environment variables use the command ‘printenv’ or ‘env’.
Terminal emulation refers to the ability of a computer program to emulate the functionality of a terminal, which is a type of device that allows users to interact with a computer system through a command-line interface. Terminal emulation programs, such as PuTTY or xterm, provide a way for users to access a command-line interface on a remote computer, or to run command-line programs on a local computer. They also provide a way to run legacy applications that were designed to run on old terminal devices.
Ubuntu Terminal cost?
Ubuntu is a free and open-source operating system, and the terminal application that comes with it is also free to use. There is no cost associated with using the terminal application on Ubuntu. It is included with the operating system and can be accessed immediately after installation.
Ubuntu can be downloaded from the official website and installed on a computer free of charge. You can also run Ubuntu on a virtual machine or in the cloud with providers such as AWS, Azure, or GCP. These providers charge for the usage of their infrastructure and services, but not for the Ubuntu Operating system itself.